Vaping has become a trend within the past few years, and first started becoming popular as many people thought it was a better alternative to smoking cigarettes. The Center on Addiction defines Vaping as: 

Vaping is the act of inhaling and exhaling the aerosol, often referred to as vapor, which is produced by an e-cigarette or similar device. The term is used because e-cigarettes do not produce tobacco smoke, but rather an aerosol, often mistaken for water vapor, that actually consists of fine particles. Many of these particles contain varying amounts of toxic chemicals, which have been linked to cancer, as well as respiratory and heart disease.

Due to its growing popularity, a new ICD-10-CM code has been created to report vaping-related disorders and is effective beginning April 1, 2020. It is important for coders to take note of this code to report starting in a few weeks. The new ICD-10-CM code to report vaping-related disorder is:

U07.0 Vaping-related disorder

Clinical indications of vaping-related disorder can include:

  • Constitutional symptoms, gastrointestinal, and respiratory symptoms like cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and fever
  • Vital signs and oxygen saturation by pulse-oximetry 

As of December 27, 2019, there had been 2,561 reported cases of vaping product-use-associated lung injury (EVALI) in the United States. Of the reported cases, 55 people died of confirmed EVALI with even more deaths under investigation according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). At the time this was reported, Texas and Illinois had the highest number of hospitalized EVALI cases compared to other states.

There have been several theories as to what causes EVALI. Studies show that EVALI may be due to vitamin E acetate added in some extracted tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing e-cigarette products. Vaping-related disorders also include dabbing-related lung damage or injury.